Have you ever analyzed raw data, come back to your analysis months later, and struggled to figure out what you did? The importance of keeping a lab notebook during experiments is often drilled into researchers. However, the same cannot be said for keeping a detailed log of data and statistical analysis.

All the hard work has finally paid off. You are ready to submit your research article to your target journal. It is a good idea before you hit “submit” to double check that you have met all the journals requirements and included all relevant information.

Paying for somewhere to live is an unavoidable expense. Whether you rent or own it is recommended that no more than 30% of your income be spent on shelter costs. Is this 30% figure attainable for Canadians? In this post, we perform an analysis using r to find out, and make predictions for the future.

Researchers are under immense pressure to publish. Without publications your career will stagnate and you could find yourself unemployed and unemployable. This difficult situation is often described as “Publish or Perish.” A simple way to get early publications is to convert your PhD thesis into journal articles.

In previous posts, we talked about the advantages of using R, and demonstrated how to a solve brain teaser using R. R is also a powerful tool for predictive modelling. Predictive modelling uses available data and statistics to forecast outcomes. In this example, we use R to predict the fate of passengers on the Titanic. 

In a previous post, we discussed why R is a great choice to simplify your data and statistical analysis. R has a steep learning curve at first, but with practice, the advantages of R far outweigh the initial bumps. In this post, we provide an example of using R to solve a well-known brain teaser – The Monty Hall Problem.

Data and Statistical Analysis

There are so many statistical software packages that it is hard to choose. Should you use SAS, SPSS, Stata, Statistica, SigmaPlot, R, or even Excel for your data and statistical analysis?

Reference managing software simplifies research publication. You don’t need to keep track of who you cited, in what order, or whether your reference list includes only who you cited in the paper. Software such as Endnote and Mendeley partially automate these time-consuming tasks and make your research life easier.

In a previous post, we discussed how important it is to format references before submission to a peer-reviewed journal. Each journal has a specific reference style that needs to be followed. If not, your paper will likely be rejected.

Before submitting your article for peer review, it is important to make sure that the reference style of the journal is followed. Each journal will have their own preferred style for the in-text citations and the reference list. Failure to follow the journal reference style could result in immediate rejection by the editor.

When preparing research publications, abstracts are often overlooked. This is bad practice because along with your title, it provides the first impression of your research. If your abstract is for a research article, then readers will often decide from it whether or not to read your paper. A well-written abstract can be the difference between conference acceptance and rejection.

We have all had to sit through terrible PowerPoint presentations. The conference speaker reads off of their slides, in a monotone voice, and puts everyone to sleep. As a researcher, you have exciting findings to showcase, and putting your audience to sleep is not the best way to gain recognition. Unfortunately, there is no formal education on creating an effective PowerPoint presentation (or speaking in front of colleagues). By following this guide, you can improve your presentations and impress your audience.


If you want your research paper published, then it is important to resist the urge to dismiss the reviewer comments. As researchers, we all have to address and respond to each comment.This can be a daunting task, even for seasoned researchers. There is also, unfortunately, no formal training on the do's and don'ts of responding to reviewer comments. In this post, we offer tips and best practices that can help lower the rounds of revisions and get your work published fast.

Research article writing is a skill and, like any other skill, needs to be practiced and honed. No matter how elegant we think our prose, there is always room for improvement. But you may wonder: why do I need to improve my writing – I write perfectly well? 

As an academic, you’ll often be called upon to write academic articles for conference papers and later for journal articles. While the topics may be requested by editors or emerge from your own research, you will want to develop coherent textual readings and/or produce a competent argument. You can write the article in any order you choose (some prefer to write it narratively, while others may compose the readings or describe the evidence first), but here are some key points for writing effective academic articles:

While most citations in a scholarly article refer to already published research or engage with theoretical materials, occasionally you will find it necessary to discuss magazine articles or reviews, online works, and other kinds of non-scholarly or non-academic sources. In part, engaging with these types of materials illustrates the continued relevancy of your research in the public realm. If you are discussing representations of war in literature, for example, it may be productive to think about reviews of such representations in contemporary popular culture. Connecting with public and popular media situates your research the “real world” and adds immediacy to your piece.

How do you summarize arguments for academic articles such as a literature review? Clearly, any argument you write should speak to other, previously published texts. You are in a conversation with your field and will want to engage with other scholarly works, theoretical pieces, or bodies of research. Your article’s engagement with these secondary sources will help to bolster your argument and form a basis for your discussion. However, you want to work with these earlier sources in an intelligent and sophisticated way.

Research articles, especially in the STEM fields, have a rigid structure that almost all journals will expect to be followed. This makes sense, as it forces publications to be uniform, easier to follow, and allows for the reading of particular sections. Someone interested in the statistical methods used, doesn’t need to skim through the whole article to find them. They will be included in the methods; thus only the methods would need to be read.

The challenges of choosing a specific research article topic can be daunting to a new scholar. You want one that is interesting to you and emerges from your current area of research. At the same time, it should be new, innovative, and valuable to the field. Here are some strategies to help produce a dynamic, effective research topic:

Narrow your area

Conferences are fantastic places to give an initial version of your current project when your research is dynamic and evolving. Fellow conference goers provide significant sources of initial feedback, especially from scholars you don’t know or with whom you interact less frequently. In addition, many conferences have associated journals, which have special editions with articles drawn from the conference. Given that journals often prefer already curated submissions to cold entries, your previous acceptance to the conference may help your submission to the associated journal.

Make the Best Choice for your Research

Sengi helps small and medium-sized businesses get brilliant ocular health discoveries into the hands of your ideal customer. You don’t need to have a specialized writer in-house to turn your research into reality.

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The Sengi team is led by Dr. Brad Hall, a vision scientist and expert medical writer. A regular peer reviewer for several medical and ophthalmology journals, Dr. Hall has authored a multitude of articles personally, is a successful grant writer, medical writer, and master of the art of simplifying data and statistical analysis. Since launching in 2015, Sengi has provided medical writing and biostatistics analysis expertise to SMBs and researchers around the world that lacked the necessary means to share their scientific breakthroughs outside of the lab. Sengi’s work has enabled these companies to put advanced technology into the hands of those who need them most.