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Hall, B, McCanna, D, Jones, L. Identification of coagulase negative staphylococci in daily disposable contact lens wearers. Letters in Applied Microbiology 2014;59(3):313-319.


This study aimed to identify and quantify the number of contaminating organisms on daily disposable (DD) soft contact lenses, which may be responsible for mild cases of keratitis that occur with this lens wear modality. Ten participants wore DD lenses, and 10 participants wore planned replacement (PR) lenses. Lenses were collected aseptically and analysed for microbial contamination. Colony-forming units (CFU) were recorded, and representative colonies were used for identification using the API identification system. The DD lenses evaluated in this study were contaminated with coagulase-negative staphylococcus (CNS), ranging from 1 to 653 CFU. PR lenses showed more diversity in the types of contaminating micro-organisms and consisted of CNS, Gram-negative bacteria (Pseudomonas), a yeast (Candida) and a mould (Aspergillus), ranging from 1 to 230 CFU. CNS was the only type of micro-organism found on DD contact lenses and therefore may be the cause of any form of keratitis observed in DD lens wearers.


This is the first study to determine the frequency and identify the contaminating organisms found on daily disposable (DD) soft contact lenses. The contaminating organisms identified on DD contact lenses were solely coagulase-negative staphylococcus (CNS), suggesting that CNS may be the causative organism associated with infectious keratitis that occurs with DD contact lens wear.

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The Sengi team is led by Dr. Brad Hall, a vision scientist and expert medical writer. A regular peer reviewer for several medical and ophthalmology journals, Dr. Hall has authored a multitude of articles personally, is a successful grant writer, medical writer, and master of the art of simplifying data and statistical analysis. Since launching in 2015, Sengi has provided medical writing and biostatistics analysis expertise to SMBs and researchers around the world that lacked the necessary means to share their scientific breakthroughs outside of the lab. Sengi’s work has enabled these companies to put advanced technology into the hands of those who need them most.